The Complete Guide to King Edward I of Portugal’s Life, Times and Legacy

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Edward, King of Portugal, was born in 1394. In 1428, his father died and made Edward King of Portugal. Around that same time Edward fell in love with a woman named Philippa. He could not marry her because she was already married to one of his advisors. Two years later the man was killed and Philippa became Edward’s queen. Royalties were proud to have a queen and were happy to have one that was so beautiful. Edward never married Philippa so they could not have children, but she got pregnant. They later had a son named John. Edward had to accept his son because the church said he should be ruler of Portugal, but he wanted his son to take over his title as king of Portugal in 1433, when he died.
In 1438, the English King Henry VI was killed and Edward became king of England. After that, he had no interest in Portugal and let his son take over after him. He was king of Portugal from 1438 to 1481. Edward was born at the center of Portuguese power, and he died at the center of English power.
He wrote a book about his life called The Memroy of Prince Edwrad, being King of England and Portugal: so farre as it pertained to that which he thought most profitable for them both. The book was published in 1495, a century after his death.
http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/educational/peoplewhohavemadehistory/edward-the-fourth-king-of-portugal
http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/406445/Edward+I
http://caisapeaceteam.blogspot.com/2013_01_01_archive.html

edward, king of portugal
edward, king of portugal

Introductions: Who was King Edward I of Portugal? What are his accomplishments?

Edward, King of Portugal was born on November 19, 1394. The King and Queen of Portugal were married in a civil ceremony on September 3, 1423. They had five children: John I (King of Portugal from January 26, 1433 to April 4, 1438), Edward (heir apparent), João (heir apparent), Isabel (heir presumptive) and Beatrice. The king died on April 5, 1438 and was buried in the Monastery of Jerónimos in Lisbon.
1394-1438: Edward of Portugal was born to Infante Fernando (later King John I of Portugal and the Queen of Portugal Annabella) and his wife Isabel of Barcelos. These were not even considered a proper marriage at the time, but were elevated to royalty due to the nobility and wealth this couple came from. This was not typical for that time since Edward’s father, King John I, was only seven years older than his wife. Edward was ten years old when his father died. The Portuguese Court decided to appoint Queen Joanna of Castile to oversee Edward’s education and he was sent to the University of Coimbra.
1418/1419: Edward I, along with his brother Henry, Duke of Lancaster fought on behalf of Henry V during the Battle of Agincourt (France). This is thought to be the last time that England and Portugal were at war due to their joint efforts in the Hundred Years War. Edward I returned to Portugal and participated in the conquest of Ceuta in North Africa.

edward, king of portugal
edward, king of portugal

How did King Edward I become the Lord of the North Atlantic in 1284?

In 1284, his father Prince Edmund of Langley died, and John of Gaunt became Duke of Aquitaine. His father’s only brother had died in a hunting accident, so John became the heir to all of his father’s lands. He took the title of Lord of the North Atlantic. When his brother Richard I came back from Ireland he was also called Lord of the North Atlantic and joined with John to claim lands in France and Portugal. They were called the two Edwards of England. It was a short term title, but it would give him power over a large area.
These lands were claimed by his brother King Edward I , who denied that he had given any of these lands to his brother John. And now Richard’s claim to the North Atlantic was becoming very important because he did not have land in France and other lands. With these lands, Richard could become as powerful as his brother Edward.

edward, king of portugal
edward, king of portugal

Edicts and Acts That Helped Shape the History and Laws of Europe during His Reign

In the fourteenth century, Portugal was the most powerful nation in Europe. The Portuguese were excellent explorers, and the king’s influence reached all of the known world. He created a trade monopoly and made agreements with several countries to ally against France. There were several good reasons why Edward was so influential. First, he was a wealthy nation. Portugal’s main form of income was the sale of wine, which they sold to other countries. In addition, they were known for their explorers and traders. They traded spices and textiles, as well as valuable marble from Africa. Second, Portugal had many powerful allies. The French were their main enemies in the fourteenth century, and Portugal made a trade agreement with them to cut down expenses. Next, Portugal was very influential in the African world. During a time when all the power and territory belonged to the Muslims, Portugal controlled their trade and tribute. Within Africa, they controlled Guinea-Bissau and Cape Verde, which were both major trading ports of gold and slaves at that time. Finally, they were known for their navigators and explorers. They discovered land away from Europe’s coast that would lead to discoveries of other lands over the next few years. Thus, during this time, the influence of Portugal was strong and diverse.
(Note: I have taken several passages from Wikipedia as background information for this report.)
(This day in history, November 22nd- Today is the anniversary of the death of Edward I)

edward, king of portugal
edward, king of portugal